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Parma - Sanvitale Castle - Grazzano Visconti - Piacenza

Price: 77.00 EUR
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Countries: Italy
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Route: Bologna - Parma - Sanvitale Castle - Grazzano Visconti - Piacenza - Bologna
Duration: 10 h
Firstly we will visit to Parma which is a university city located in northern Italy. This beautiful city was founded by the Romans in 183 BC and it was very important as a road junction. Parma was rebuilt in the Middle Ages and was ruled by its bishops from the 9th century. It is the city that the Italian flag, or il Tricolore, was first adopted. The city is famed for Parmesan cheese and Parma ham, and it is the first Italian city in history to become UNESCO’s heritage site for Gastronomy. The main attractions in Parma are Grand Romanesque Cathedrale, Baptistery with ancient frescoes, Pilotta palace with the gallery, theatre and museums, and of course a lot of restaurants with delicious and authentic food. Parma and its county, Emilia-Romagna, is a bridge among continental European cuisine and the Mediterranean diet. It differentiates itself because of its locally made pasta dishes, pork products, cheese, and red wines. Next we will visit to the charming fortress Castle of Sanvitale , stands at the centre of the town, surrounded by a moat, full of water: it is home to one of the masterpieces of Italian Mannerism: the frescoed room by Parmigianino in 1524, portraiting the myth of Diana and Atteone.  Sanvitale' appartamento nobile is still open. The stronghold's construction began around 1124, when a first defense tower was built by Pallavicino. The central guarding tower was built in the same period, that is now the entrance door too: today it has a stone bridge, originally a lift bridge. In 1386 the lands around Fontanellato with its stronghold, were given to Sanvitale. In 1404, the fief became a county: in that period, the stronghold became an important noble residence. It has been property of Sanvitale family up to 1948, when Giovanni Sanvitale sold it to the Municipality of Fontanellato. During the visit you will see furnished rooms, hanging garden, Optical Room, low ground rooms with fresco by Parmigianino, Diana and Atteone's room. Next we will visit to the picturesque village of Grazzano Visconti which it is a town entirely realized in the 19th century in neo-Gothic style, which reproduces the architecture of the 14th century and is full of green areas and decorative elements. In 1395 Duke Gian Galeazzo Visconti, Lord of Milan, authorised his sister Beatrice to build a castle on their property of Grazzano. A square castle with four corner towers, and on the inside a courtyard with porticoes, and loggias and walkways above. It was Guido's son, Giuseppe Visconti di Modrone (1879-1941), who restored the castle and created a project to replace the few simple buildings that existed between the castle and the parish church of Grazzano with a complex in fourteenth-century style. Working with the architect Alfredo Campanini, he restored the castle at the end of the 19th century, giving it its present appearance, and began building the village of Grazzano. Finally the castle was surrounded by a park of 15 hectares, including a labyrinth and a playhouse for the children, exotic trees and those more typical of the Apennines. Next we will visit to Piacenza which was named 'pleasant place' (Placentia) by the Romans, Piacenza soon proved itself to be an important strategic location as well. Its picturesque centre reveals a beautiful Gothic town hall and a couple of august churches. Heart of the city are Piazza dei Cavalli, towered over by the splendid Palazzo Comunale or Gotico (13th century) and Piazza del Duomo, towered over by the Cathedral in Romanesque style.  Among the great number of excellent monuments stand out the Church of San Sisto, the Church of Sant’Antonio and the Neoclassical Theatre. You cannot miss the impressive Palazzo Farnese, built in the second half of the 16th century and now centre of the Civic Museums with many different sections. After we return to Bologna.
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Countries: Italy

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