Aqueduct of Vanvitelli - Belvedere San Leucio - Royal Palace of Caserta

Price: 62.00 EUR
Countries: Italy
Route: Naples - Aqueduct of Vanvitelli - Belvedere San Leucio - Royal Palace of Caserta - Naples
Duration: 7 h
Our first stop we will make at the  Aqueduct of Vanvitelli – also known as Carolino Aqueduct in honour of the King Charles III of Bourbon which was constructed in 1753 -1769 with a purpose to bring water to the fish pond, the fountains and the cascades featured in the gardens at the Royal Palace of Caserta. Along the way, it also managed to provide water to a few mountain villages,  irrigation to the flatlands and augmenting the flow in the aqueduct that supplies water to Naples. It  modelled on ancient Roman aqueducts is made of three rows of arches, 55.8 metres high at its highest point. The Aqueduct of Vanvitelli features on UNESCO’s World Heritage list. Next we will visit the village of San Leucio, a small community known worldwide for its connection with the weaving of silk and similar. Its history is kept inside the Monumental Complex of Belvedere, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Its existence is testimony to the realization of a dream: the emergence of a real industrial concern whose base vigevano principles of social and economic equality. The monumental complex of San Leucio owes its success to the stubbornness of Ferdinand IV, son of Queen Amalia and Charles III of Bourbon, in 1778 He turned it into a silk factory. Also known as “Belvedere” the breathtaking countryside views, Vesuvius and Capri, San Leucio became an ideal city in which to give birth to an innovative system of social reforms, with enlightened laws of the mold and to a corporate form linked to the production and processing of silk. In “Ferdinandopoli” everything revolved around the "Silk Square". The entire chain of processing precious commodity, from cultivation of silkworms the creation of the finished fabric, took place in that place that, in addition to containing the best processing plants, also it included the presence of housing workers, constructed according to the best construction techniques, so much so that some are still inhabited today, as well as several other common spaces, enjoyed by the workers but also all employees of the factory.  Inside the Monumental Complex we are encountered in the Silk Museum, an industrial archeology trail that allows you to retrace the key stages of the silky success of this reality. In addition to old machinery, frames, manufactured goods, twisters still working, San Leucio is the seat of the royal apartments with its frescoed rooms, the gardens of the Belvedere and the Weaver's House, good example of working habitation. Next we will visit one of the most beautiful royal palaces in Italy and in the whole world! In 1750 the Bourbon King Charles commissioned the construction of a new residence that could hold its own against the most important European cities and, inspired by the palaces of Versailles in Paris and El Escorial in Madrid, allowed the construction of the Royal Palace of Caserta, a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1997. The project of the complex, that occupies 45,000 square meters, was assigned to the architect Vanvitelli, who designed a palace with an austere style on the outside, but precious inside, surrounded by a park with elegant and majestic fountains. Vanvitelli also designed the 'Via d'acqua' which is 3 km long and wose water is comes through the Carolino Aqueduct.  During our visit you discover the countless wonders hidden in the park, including sculptures inspired by classical mythology, water features, pools and waterfalls, the most impressive of which is called the Great Falls (Grande Cascata) of the Fountain of Diana and Actaeon. Climb the hill in front of the palace to visit the English Garden, a journey through colors of native and exotic plants constructed by Maria Carolina, wife of Ferdinand IV of Bourbon. The Palace boasts interiors of a shocking beauty: 1,200 rooms, 134 staircases and countless stucco, bas-reliefs, frescoes, sculptures, and inlaid floors that will leave you in awe. Climb the Scala Regia and reach the Royal Apartments. The huge, bright staircase was carved from a single block of marble and is now divided into two parallel staircases. You will also visit the Throne Room and the rooms of the Bourbon royalty, all decorated by great 19th-century artists and furnished by expert silk workers from the nearby factories of San Leucio. After we return to Naples.
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Countries: Italy

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